Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses the commonly accepted principles of supervision. The author of the article sets forth the thesis that it is the duty of the person charged with supervising the teacher to clarify the goals of education and those of the school such that they are readily understandable to the teacher(Alexander, 1923). In a democratic school environment, those goals must be supported by a majority of the school community, of whom teachers are the most affected. The author argues that in the absence of clear goals, teachers will waste valuable time speculating what the school expects of them. They are also quick to add that while defining goals is the primary function of supervision, it is also the most difficult. The difficulty arises because while individuals within an institution have goals, the institution has none. As a result, in most cases, what is propagated as the goals of the institution are the goals of the members of the organization who have the greatest influence.
Even though this article reports the findings of a study that involved a group of supervisors of social workers, its findings are relevant to supervision in education. All the supervisors involved in the study held positions that made them interact directly with their juniors. The study found that two needs cut across all the supervisors. First, they each needed the support of one another in the performance of their work(Armstrong, Gordon, & Hobbs, 1991). Most of them reported that their subordinates viewed them with suspicion and were uncooperative. The non-cooperation rendered their work lonely and difficult. As the principal is the main supervisor in a school setting, it would be helpful for them to network with their colleagues within and outside their school districts.
Secondly, all the supervisors reported the need for a platform through which they could enhance their knowledge and skills of supervision(Armstrong, Gordon, & Hobbs, 1991). They formed into a group of fourteen supervisors drawn from three teaching hospitals .based in Sydney, Australia. .