You will prepare and submit a term paper on Xipe Totec Artifact. Your paper should be a minimum of 1500 words in length. However, the sculpture in the museum of Xipe Totec is completely different from the god image of Xipe Totec as expressed in “Codex Borgia”. The latter, which was the original image of the Aztec god, construed Xipe Totec holding a bloody weapon whilst adorning a flayed human skin as a suit with his hands hanging downwards. It also had numerous colors unlike the sculpture, which was a dull grey as the color of the stone the artist curved from. Apparently, the sculpture adopted this calm imagery of Xipe Totec to portray his good side as the god of blacksmiths and the god of the rainy season. This was quite different from reality. The flayed skin signified the rebirth and renewal of seasons through casting off the old and growing of the new. This was especially the case for the worshippers of this god after twenty days of worship.
These worship ceremonies included various bloody sacrifices offered to the god to appease him and seek favors. These sacrifices were mainly human sacrifices offered to honor the god. The flayed skin often came from sacrificial victims after their hearts were cut out. This is represented in the sculpture of the Xipe Totec god with a hole and stitched up wounds across the chest. These sacrifices were the gladiator sacrifice and the arrow sacrifice. The blacksmiths also sacrificed to the god, especially the thieves whom they caught stealing their gold and other minerals.
The artifact of Xipe Totec preserved in the museum takes the form of a man carved out of stone and almost of human height. this sculpture takes a different form from the original Xipe Totec image. The sculpture stands upright with both legs close to one another. The hands, however, take different positions. The first hand, the left one, hangs straight by the side while the second hand, the right one, half stretches forward as if to greet someone. This presents an impression of calmness .and invitation. The form taken by the sculpture is three-dimensional whereby it details all the possible features of the image, such as the front view, the side view, as well as the back view. The height of the sculpture is almost six feet tall, while the width of the sculpture is between one to two feet wide.