Compose a 2000 words assignment on archeological ethics. Needs to be plagiarism free! The CPA (Coalitional Provisional Authority) organized for the archive to be frozen, which stabilized its condition and prevented more mold growth. Upon the request of the CPA, archeologists from the NARA (US National Archives and Records Administration) went to Baghdad in 2003 to evaluate the status of the archive and come up with recommendations for their preservation.
The archive contains sixteenth to twentieth-century Jewish modern books, audiotapes, rare books, parchment scrolls, correspondence and documents, and pamphlets (Renfrew & Bahn, 2012). Languages used in the materials were Hebrew, Arabic, Hebrew-Arabic, and English (very few items). The Hebraic materials include a diverse mix of artifacts, ranging from Bibles and commentaries, parts of a partially destroyed Torah scroll, holiday and daily prayer diaries, and children’s Bible and Hebrew language primers (Stone, Bajjaly, & Fisk, 2008). The printed books were published in various locations, including Livorno, Venice, Warsaw, and Baghdad, with most being from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Rare artifacts include: What seems to be Abraham Bruno’s Birkat Avraham, published in 1696 in Venice. and the Ketubim edition of the deistical Third Rabbinic Bible that was published in 1568 by Giovanni di Gara in Venice (Stone, Bajjaly, & Fisk, 2008). Arabic artifacts include not only handwritten but also printed artifacts associated with Iraq’s Jewish community, some generated by the Jewish community and others from official government agencies. There are also items that seem to lack any link to the Jewish community, including a collection of the law of Jewish Law #77 and the organization of the Jewish community #36, etc (Renfrew & Bahn, 2012).
In the rush to quickly collect and protect the materials, some were packed haphazardly and were not arranged to match their original shapes (Stone, Bajjaly, & Fisk, 2008). Consequently, many collections of bound text blocks and loose documents are crumpled, distorted, and similarly destroyed. Many boards are separated from their bindings, and it seems that during the time they were submerged underwater the leather covering them became detached. This resulted in the bare binders board becoming exposed (Stone, Bajjaly, & Fisk, 2008). Further, there are many loose fragments and pages that were removed from their original locations. The damage caused by handling and packing the wet artifacts can be remedied in most cases, although it will take a lot of time, and it will not be entirely possible to mask evidence of past damage.