Hi, I am looking for someone to write an article on toxicology Paper must be at least 1500 words. Please, no plagiarized work! This is a phenomenon that got witnessed in the United States between the years 2004 – 2005 where commercial beekeepers lost 30 – 90 per cent of their hives (Sainath, 2010).
Pesticides are a group of chemicals that became designed for selective toxicity to a certain type of species. They might be toxic to other species also but only to a certain degree lesser than for the targeted one. Pesticides usually have toxic effects on some non-targeted organisms too, using this case as an example, the bees. When they feed on neonicotyl insecticides, even at sub-lethal levels it eventually has an effect on their memory, behaviour and longevity (Timbrell, 2002). A prolonged exposure to the pesticides also tends to cause them to acquire chronic levels of pesticides in their body and also to the honey they make. Studies have gone ahead to show traces of such chemicals in honey which became consumed by human beings.
Miticides are a group of chemicals that essentially kill ticks and mites. The chemical became essentially intended for use in the control of mites that feed on plants and cause irritation to the bees. A particularly common example would be the varroa mite and the hive beetle. These pests harbour infectious pathogens that cause catastrophic damage to beekeeping operations. It is because of these facts that farmers/beekeepers tend to fumigate their beehives with the chemicals. The problem though arises when these exact chemicals affect the bees directly by adding additional stress to them. Miticides that got sprayed to plants are also likely to be subjected to exposure on the bees as they forage on the crops for nectar, pollen and other materials necessary for honey production.
Antibiotics are chemicals used to control infections by inhibiting growth and destroying microorganisms. Unlike pesticides and miticides which are curative chemical measures, these chemicals get administered as a preventive measure against brood diseases in a bee colony. . .