According to Aristotle, catharsis is the purification and renewal of emotions achieved through art or theatre. It is an emotional release that leads to a “cleansing” effect. Catharsis has been used in various forms of art throughout history, including literature, theater, dance, music and film. In his classic work The Poetics, Aristotle defined catharsis as “the bringing about of a state of pity and fear” in which the audience experiences a pleasure from watching tragic events unfold on stage. According to him, such emotions should be experienced at their highest levels for them to produce a cleansing effect on the audience; only then can they achieve spiritual renewal and feel uplifted after viewing it.
According the Aristotle, what is catharsis?
Aristotle believed that tragedy produces two kinds of emotion-pity and fear which are aroused by observing characters facing difficult situations. Pity is created when one empathizes with the character’s suffering while Fear refers to dread caused by witnessing catastrophic events taking place on screen or stage. Both these emotions lead viewers into an emotionally charged state which ultimately helps them purge their own negative emotions such as sorrow or guilt in return providing relief from such states within themselves after being subjected to intense empathy with characters.
Catharsis also involves aspects outside direct enjoyment like understanding more about human nature from witnessing tragedies onstage since we get closer insights into different characters’ thought process during adversity which could be analyzed against complex moral decisions taken by real life people around us thus aiding us in our reflections towards our own lives leading up to feelings of peacefulness not just through entertainment but introspection too . Through this experience ,we can gain deeper insight into different aspects associated with challenges faced by individuals and learn more about ourselves enabling us wiser decision making abilities in future scenarios (viewers also can view scenes unfolding before them objectively without putting themselves directly at risk).
In addition ,catharsis allows viewers/audiences not only identify with protagonists but antagonists too so as better comprehend each situation leading up to resolutions psychologically allowing audiences accept resolution no matter how bitter it might be due certain conditions arisen out of circumstances & understand what could have made those involved make those decisions even though they might disagree with it while were able apply our lessons learnt via cathartic experience onto mundane everyday lives moments later helping us better copeup miserable situations if they arise anytime soon ahead .