One theoretical perspective that I would like to explore within a short story is the psychodynamic lens. The psychodynamic lens helps us to better understand the psychological forces that drive human behavior and interpersonal relationships, particularly in terms of childhood experiences, unconscious processes, and defense mechanisms. This lens emphasizes the importance of examining individual psychology and how it relates to social dynamics and power structures. Psychoanalytic theories offer insights into characters’ motivations, conflicts, dreams and emotions as well their reactions to external events or other people in order to gain an understanding of the character’s underlying issues.
Select a theoretical perspective, or a lens through which you wish to explore as you perceive to be present in a short story.
In Mary Shelley’s short story “Frankenstein,” there are several opportunities to use this psychodynamic approach. One example is Victor Frankenstein’s creation of the monster—a product of his own ambition and deep-seated fear of death—which can be seen as symbolic representation for his unresolved anxieties about life, death, or his relationship with his father (or lack thereof). Additionally, we can look at how Victor responds emotionally when he first sees what he has created; rather than taking responsibility for it or empathizing with its plight he immediately reacts with horror and repulsion, displaying a perfect example of Freudian defense mechanisms such as repression trying to protect him from having to confront whatever deeper feelings might lay beneath the surface.
The Monster himself provides even more insight through this lens. His initial acts—such as killing Frankenstein’s brother William—can be seen as projections onto others of subconscious desires or resentments while simultaneously demonstrating a rejection of societal norms imposed on him despite not being able to understand them yet (i.e., stealing food because he was hungry but realizing too late that it was wrong). But perhaps most revealingly is when we examine why exactly he seeks revenge against Frankenstein: outbursts over abandonment by his creator demonstrate much deeper existential fears related specifically around identity formation/search for meaning in life which have been left unaddressed by Victor due their mutual inability/refusal come together constructively either before or after these events take place in order for resolution be achieved between them both.
Furthermore we can also consider some relatively minor subplots present within “Frankenstein” such Robert Walton’s fascination with discovery which corresponds directly with Victor’s similar obsession scientific progress; Elizabeth’s role a passive mediator between all characters who provide emotional support yet often get overlooked (and thus possibly feeling powerless); Henry Clerval’s display altruism even during times personal danger; etc.—all providing additional ways into analyzing various aspects internalized group dynamics/relationships among majority main protagonists involved here while offering greater depth overall narrative itself due complexities formed therein which help emphasize specific psychological elements present throughout piece work itself allowing reader able draw further conclusions regarding various implications may arise based upon such interpretations alone if they wish do so accordingly..
All told then it should become increasingly evident why using psychodynamic approach makes lot sense when examining this particular text since ultimately its main focus lies primarily uncovering hidden motives behind every character’s actions no matter how big small those actually may end up being order gain greater comprehension situation whole itself which goes far beyond surface level explanations often used instead simply understanding any given piece literature upon reading first time around making process much richer effective result