Summarize the research findings from each article.
The area of epidemiology that most aligns with my research area is mental health and suicide prevention. Mental health is a growing concern across the globe, and I am interested in finding ways to raise awareness about mental illness and reduce the stigma associated within it. Suicide prevention is also an important topic to me, as suicide rates continue to rise in countries all over the world. As such, I searched through various journals and databases for recent articles highlighting research being done in this field.
Choose an area of epidemiology that most aligns with your research area and find two (2) research articles that highlight research being done, warnings, or advancements in this area.
The first article I found was titled “Mental Health Literacy Interventions: A Systematic Review” published by the journal BMC Public Health in 2019 (Nejad et al., 2019). This study aimed to review existing literature on mental health literacy interventions conducted around the world, with a focus on identifying best practices for increasing access to information about mental illness among at-risk populations. The authors conducted systematic searches of multiple databases for peer-reviewed studies focusing on interventions targeting individuals 18 years or older with low levels of knowledge about mental health issues. They identified 35 studies meeting their inclusion criteria from 14 different countries; these included educational interventions delivered via print media or online platforms, group discussion sessions, interactive programs conducted by professionals, skill-building activities utilizing technology or media outlets such as radio broadcasts or television shows, and community awareness campaigns incorporating various methods such as social media posts and public events featuring speakers who had experience living with a mental illness. The researchers concluded that while there were some promising intervention methods identified during this review process, more rigorous investigation was needed before any consistent recommendations could be made regarding which type of intervention would be most effective at improving public understanding of mental health disorders globally.
The second article I looked at was called “A Meta-Analysis Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy For Preventing Suicidal Behavior In Depressed Adults” published by Psychotherapy & Psychosomatics in 2018 (Gillespie et al., 2018). This meta-analysis focused specifically on determining the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) when used as a treatment option for reducing suicidal ideation among adults diagnosed with depression. To do this analysis, Gillespie and colleagues reviewed 24 randomized controlled trials involving 2143 patients treated between 1980 and 2017; results showed that CBT reduced suicidal ideation significantly compared to control conditions (standard care) both immediately posttreatment (Hedges’ g = 0.52) and after followup periods lasting up to one year (Hedges’ g = 0.34). These findings suggest that CBT may have some potential benefits for those struggling with suicidal thoughts due to depression—although further clinical trials are needed before firm conclusions can be made regarding its longterm effectiveness against suicide attempts/completion rates among depressed adults specifically mentioned here However overall , this meta-analysis has provided useful insight into current evidence surrounding cognitive behavioral therapy as an intervention option for helping people manage feelings associated with depression more effectively thus resulting in reducing suicide risks .
Nejad Sheshpari F., Amini M., Khademi Ghahfarokhi M., Hosseini Eshlaghy A., Sobhani Z.(2019). Mental Health Literacy Interventions: A Systematic Review .BMC Public Health 19(1): Article number 825 . Retrieved from https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral com/articles/10 1086/s12889-019 -7243 -6
Gillespie KF1 , Nemeroff CB2 , Murray GB3 , Thase ME4 ;(2018) A meta‐analysis of cognitive behavioral therapy for preventing suicidal behavior in depressed adultsPsychother Psychosom ;87 :227–237