The Japanese Nara Court (710–784) was the first permanent imperial court in Japan. It was established following the disruption of Chinese-style government and served as a prototype for future imperial courts. During this period, Japan adopted many aspects of Chinese culture, including its writing system, art forms, literature, Buddhism, and Confucianism. The Nara Court also played an important role in promoting diplomatic relations with other countries and establishing a centralized government.
Define/Explain/Show significance in a brief paragraph one of the following terms:Japanese Nara Court Heian Court Waka/Tanka Poetry Kana
The Heian Court (794–1185) followed the Nara Court to become Japan’s capital city at the time. This era saw further influence from China in terms of cultural development and political organization—including a legal code modeled after that of Tang Dynasty China—as well as increased trade relations between Japan and other regions of East Asia. One of the most significant developments during this period was the creation of Waka/Tanka poetry: short lyrical poems written in classical Japanese inspired by both Chinese poetry styles and local folk songs. Waka/Tanka came to be seen as one of the highest forms of literary expression during this era and is still highly revered today; it has even been designated as one UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage sites.
Kana (also known as syllabary or system) were two related writing systems developed specifically for use with Japanese language during the Heian period: hiragana (used mostly by women) and katakana (used predominantly by men). Both are based on characters borrowed from Chinese characters which represent syllables rather than words or concepts like Kanji does; unlike Kanji however, Kana can be used to write both native words as well foreign loanwords without having to resort to kanji symbols for pronunciation guidance. Kana proved instrumental in helping spread literacy among commoners who lacked access to formal education due their social status or gender; it enabled them to read books written exclusively in kana script instead relying on more difficult kanji texts.